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Veterinary Research & Disease Investigation Center, Kohat

        Brief Introduction of the Center:

 Livestock plays a key role in the house hold economy of farming community. The District Kohat  is mostly hilly, most of the farmers have small land holding. The area is 77% rain fed and 23% irrigated. The people are very poor and mostly depends upon livestock and majority of farmers having 1 to 5 animals. There are number of problems in desired livestock production, performance and lack of interest towards the improved management (housing & feeding) and treatment of livestock. To minimize these losses, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa established  Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Centre (VR&DIC) at Kohat in 1991.

 Objectives

a.       Prevention and control of Livestock and poultry diseases in the area through quality diagnostic services to the farmers.

b.      Poverty Alleviation through Enhancement of Livestock and Poultry production in the area.

c.       Capacity building of farmers through short courses.

d.      Problem oriented research.


Staff Position

S#

Name officer/official

Designation

BPS

Qualification

1.

Dr. Zabita Khan

PRO/Regional Director

19

DVM,M.Sc(Hons)

2.

Dr. Muhammad Rashid Khan

Senior Research Officer

18

DVM,M.Sc(Hons)

3.

Dr. Shams Ul Hayat

Research Officer

17

DVM,M.Sc(Hons)

4.

Mr. Muhammad Khalid

Lab: Technician

11

SSC-Arts, F.A

5.

Mr. Rang Badshah

Lab: Assistant

07

SSC-Science

6.

Mr. Adnan Khan

Lab: Attendant

03

SSC-Science, B.A

7.

Mr. Muhammad Shehryar

Laboratory Attendant

03

SSC-Science, B.A

8.

Mr. Dawood Shah

Office Assistant

16

 SSC-Science

9.

Mr. Ahmad Ali Madani

Senior Clerk

14

SSC-Science

10.

Mr. Shaukat Ali

Tube Well Operator

06

Middle

11.

Mr. Nizam Khan

Driver

07

Middle

12.

Mr. Qasim Ali

Naib Qasid

04

Middle

13.

Mr. Pai Badshah

Chowkidar

04

Primary

14.

Mr. Goapal Kanwal

Sweeper

04

Middle

 Routine Activities

                                 i.            Collection and Processing of Samples for Disease Diagnosis & Research Purpose.

                               ii.            Animal/ Poultry Postmortems for disease diagnosis.

                              iii.            Attending disease outbreaks.

                             iv.            Advisory services for farmers about prevention and control of diseases through vaccination and managemental practices.

                               v.            Provide services to Arid Zone SRRI, Military Farms, Police Department, PAF,  GOC House, Livestock Extension Department and Wildlife Department of Kohat.

                             vi.            Capacity building through short courses, lectures and radio talks to the livestock and poultry farmers.

                            vii.            Storage, Promotion and Supply of VRI Vaccines to the farmers and field staff of Extension department.

                          viii.            Conduct joint collaborative research studies with Arid Zone Small Ruminant research Institute Kohat.

                             ix.            Facilitate students of KUST in research trials.

                               x.            Problem oriented research.


Research & Development Activities under Annual Technical Program

a.       Yearly Progress of the Activities

Activities

Year 2013

Year 2014

Samples Processed

5778

4390

Postmortems Conducted

3808

3412

Outbreaks attended/ Field visits

36

36

 

b.      Advisory Services

ADVISORY SERVICES

Year 2013

Year 2014

Farmers advised

2910

2590

Veterinary Camps organized

03

04

Short courses/ Seminars/ Lectures delivered

04

05

 

 

c.       Poultry Diseases:

A total of 496 Poultry Postmortem (cases) were conducted in the laboratory brought by the farmers for disease diagnosis as well as postmortem performed during the field visit and attending outbreaks. Following poultry diseases are prevalent in jurisdiction (Hangu, Kohat, and Karak) of this Centre. Details of diseases are as under.

 

                                            i.                        A. Mycoplasmosis:

                                          ii.                                        Chronic Respiratory Disease…….   80 (16.12%)

                                        iii.                        B. Bacterial:

                                         iv.                                        Colibacillosis……………………….   70 (14.11%)

                                           v.                                        Yolk sac infection…………………    64 (12.90%)

                                         vi.                                        Infectious coryza…………………...  54 (10.88%)

                                       vii.                                        Enteritis……………………………..   42 (8.46%)

                                     viii.                        C. Viral Disease:

                                         ix.                                        Gumboro (IBD)…………….              61 (12.29%)

                                           x.                                        Infectious bronchitis……….              30 (6.04%)

                                         xi.                                        Newcastle disease……….                             23 (4.63%)

                                       xii.                                        HPS………………………...                    01 (0.20%)            

                                     xiii.                        D. Protozoan Disease:

                                     xiv.                                        Coccidiosis (Clinical)…………..       33 (6.65%)

                                       xv.                        E. Ascieties/ Feed toxicity:……………...     23 (4.63%)

                                     xvi.                        F. Fungal Disease:

                                   xvii.                                        Aspergilosis (Aflatoxicosis)…….      15 (3.02%)

                                       

Note: - These figures are based on no of  cases attended at the laboratory or during visits to the farms.

d.      Livestock Cases

        Morbid material of sheep/goat/cattle

ü     Protozoal Diseases ………     255

ü     CCPP…….…………………            29

ü     Black Quarter………………       13

ü     Fascioliasis …………………..     08

ü     Anthrax………………………        08

ü     Enterotoxaemia……………… 04

e.       Fecal Samples:  

     A total of 219 fecal samples were received by laboratory at Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Centre Kohat. They were examined for diagnosis endoparasites/ worm infestation. These samples were received/collected from sheep, goats, cattle, Buffaloes, Horses, and samples of poultry for diagnostic and research purpose. Of the 219 samples, 156 samples were found positive for, Amphistom, Bonustomum, Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Trichuris, Fasciola, , Toxocara, Amoeba, Eimeria, Ostretegia and Ascaris. The remaining 63 samples were negative.

 

f.         Milk Samples for Mastitis:       

   A total of 92 milk samples were received and examined for diagnostic purpose. Out of total, 62 were found positive for mastitis and 30 samples were declared negative.

                                   

      Cow:                        Positive                55,          Negative              26

      Buffalo:                  Positive                01,          Negative              03

      Sheep:                    Positive                03,          Negative              00

       Goat:                      Positive                03,          Negative              01

  

g.       Blood Samples 

A total of 405 blood samples were received and examined for hemoprotozoan diseases and other diagnostic purposes. Out of 405 samples, 301 blood samples were positive for protozoan disease (Babesiosis, Theileriosis and Anaplasmosis) and 104 samples were declared negative.

 

h.      Brucellosis in Human Beings

A total of 111 blood samples were received from KDA hospital, Kohat for brucella tests. The details are as under;

Male:

Positive……………………..    04

Negative ……………………   39

Female

Positive …………………..  07

Negative…………………... 6

 Facilities Providing to the Public/Farmers

 

1.       Diagnostic Facilities to the livestock & Poultry farmers in Kohat Division.

2.       Advisory services to the livestock & Poultry farmers in Kohat Division.

3.       Diagnostic & Advisory as well as post mortem services to the wildlife Department, Kohat Division.

4.       Conducting problem oriented research activities.

 

 

3.       Major Achievements

Establishment of ELISA Laboratory under the project titled, “Use of Molecular Techniques in Livestock Research at Khyber Pakhtunkhwa”.

 

4.       Ongoing Projects Under Annual Development Program

 

a.       Sero-prevalence of contagious caprine pleuro pneumonia in small ruminants in kohat and adjacent areas.

b.      Incidence of sub clinical mastitis in lactating cows in kohat using california mastitis test

c.       Prevalence of different viral diseases in broiler chicken through post mortem examination

 

 

RESEARCH PROJECTS IN PROGRESS IN COLLABORATION WITH ARID ZONE SRRI KOHAT

 

                                       i.      Prevalence of Hemoprotozoan Diseases in Kids and Lambs at AZSRRI Kohat & Surroundings.

 

                                     ii.      Comparative Production of Different Fodder Crops (Corn, Wheat, Sorghum, Lucerne, Barley, Oats) per canal at AZSRRI Kohat.

 

M.Phil THESIS RESEARCH PROJECTS COMPLETED DURING THE PERIOD

 

Ø   Anthelmintic Properties of Garlic (allium sativum) and Neem Plant (azadirachta indica) Extracts against Haemonchus Contortus in small ruminants.

 

Ø   Biological Control of Haemonchus Contortus through the development of L3 larvae.

 

 

 

5.       Field Days/Field Visits/ Workshop held

 

This center conducted field visits to provide facilities to the livestock farmers within their resources e.g. Anthelamic dranch, achrecidal  spray, treatment of sick animals, advisory services and attending of outbreaks.

 

6.       Training Facilities providing to the Public/Farmers

 

Training facilities are provided to the progressive livestock farmers regarding diagnosis of schedule diseases, collection of samples from sick animals and it dispatch to the laboratory, vaccination schedule against bacterial & viral diseases and other profilictive measures against infectious and contigious diseases.

 

7.       Development/Preparation of Product (Not applicable).

 Development/Preparation of Package of Technology (Not applicable).

  Future Plan 

                                             Establishment of PCR Facility.

 Any other Information

 

a.       LIVESTOCK POPULATION OF KOHAT AREA(Economic sens: 2006)

SPECIES                                                    No. OF HEADS

Ø      Cattle                                                        4,87,023

Ø      Buffaloes                                                 1,42,007

Ø      Sheep                                                       3,55,824

Ø      Goats                                                        8,38,332

Ø      Camel                                                       6,610

Ø      Horse                                                        2,759

Ø      Asses                                                        76,636

Ø      Mule                                                         1,220

Ø      Poultry                                                     31,07,751

Total                                                              50,18,162

 

b.      DAIRY AND POULTRY FARMS IN KOHAT

About 400 poultry farms. Capacity of poultry farms ranges from 500-15000 birds, mostly broiler farms.

About 60 Dairy farms . No. of animals at Dairy farms ranges from 10-200.

More than 100 small animal herds, herds size ranges from 20-500, including Afghani farmers.

 

c.       Wildlife Department and Military Department

 

This laboratory also provides the technical and advisory services to the wildlife department and Kohat garrison. A total of 92 animals/birds were submitted by wildlife department Kohat to this laboratory for postmortem and disease diagnosis. Animals and birds submitted include.

Pheasants………………………………..18

Chukar…………………………………….48

Gray Partridges……………………….. ...01

Chinkara………………………………..…09

Hog Deer………………………………….03

Blue Bull/Cows.…………………………..10     

Uryal……………………………………….02

Peacock/….…………………………..…...01

d.      VACCINE SUPPLIED TO FARMERS & FIELD STAFF
(During the year 2014 under report a total of 669690 doses of different type vaccines of animal and poultry were supplied to the livestock/poultry farmers)

Vaccine

Year 2013

 (No of doses)

Year 2014

 (No of doses)

NDV

1200000

598540

BQV

10680

9000

HSV

1500

6000

ASV

20700

18500

FMD

120

150

ETV

34600

37500

Receipts of Vaccines

Rs. 289215/-

462478/-

Receipt of Postmortem and Others

Rs.69850/-

64380/-

 

e.      MISCELLANEOUS ACTIVITIES

Attending meetings with Director General Research, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Peshawar.

Regular visits to the Arid Zone Small Ruminant Research Institute Kohat.

Visit to the Wild Life reserves (Mangara, Shehzadi Banda, Tanda Dam and Kotal Park as and when required.

Visit to Kohat Garrison and GOC House.

Visit to Kohat University of Science and Technology (KUST) Kohat and Agriculture University Peshawar as and when required.

Visits to Tesco office Kohat, account office Kohat and Director agriculture Kohat as well as DDL Kohat office. 

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